Literature

 

Research works published on flora, vegetation, ecology and ethnobotany of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and adjoining countries

 

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Ethnobotany

Abbas, J.A.; El- Oqlah, A.A. and Mahasneh,A.M. 1992. Herbal plants in the traditional medicine of Bahrain, Eco. Bot. 46(2): 158-163.

 

Abdallah, E.M. & El Ghazali, G.E. 2013. Screening for antimicrobial activity of some plants from Saudi folk medicine. Global J. Res. Med. Plants & Indigen. Med. 2(4): 210-218.

 

Abdulmoniem MA, Saadab AMA, 2006. Antifungal activity of some Saudi plants used in traditional medicine. Asian J. Plant Sci., 5: 907-909.

 

Abulfatih, H.A. 1987. Medicinal plants in South Western Saudi Arabia. Eco. Bot. 41 (3): 354-60.

 

Ageel, A.M.; Parmar, N.S.; Mossa, J.S.; Al-Yahya, M.A.; Al-Said, M.S. and Tariq, M. 1985. Anti-inflammatory activity of some Saudi Arabian medicinal plants Agents and Actions, 17,(3/4): 383-384.

 

Ageel, A.M., Mossa, J.S., Tariq, M, Al-Yahya, M.A., Saied, M.S. 1987. Saudi plants used in traditional medicine. Riyadh: King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology.

 

Ageel, AM; Mossa, J.S., Tariq, M., Al-Yahya, MA, Saied, M.S. 1987. Plants in Saudi Arabia used for folk medicine. Riyadh: King Saud University Press.

 

Ahmad, H.A.(Alfarhan, A.H.), Ghazanfar, S.A. 1991. Conservation of medicinal plants on the Arabian Peninsula. Two case studies: Med. Plant Conservation, 3: 15-16 IUCN.

 

Alfarhan, A.H. (2000) Plants of economic importance. Folklore Encyclopedia of Saudi Arabia, The circle for information Co. Ltd. Saudi Arabia.

 

Al-Qurainy, F.; Gaafar, A.Z; Khan, S., M. Nadeem, M.; Tarroum, M.; Alaklabi, A. and Thomas, J. 2013. Antibacterial activity of leaf extract of Breonadia salicina (Rubeaceae), an endangered medicinal plant of Saudi Arabia.  Genetics and Molecular Research 12 (3): 3212-3219

 

Ali B.H.; Bashir A.K. and Rasheed R.A. 2011.Effect of the traditional medicinal plants Rhazy.a stricta, Balanitis aegyptiaca and Haplophyllum tuberculatum on paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Phytother Res. 15(7):598-603.

 

Al-Said MS. 1993. Traditional medicinal plants of Saudi Arabia. Am J Chin Med. 21(3-4): 291-298.

 

Al-Shanwani M. 1996. Plants used in Saudi folk medicine. King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh.

 

Atiqur Rahman, M.; Mossa, J.S. Al-Said, M.S. and Al-Yahya, M.A. 2004. Medicinal plant diversity in the flora of Saudi Arabia 1: a report on seven plant families . Fitoterapia 75(2): 149-161

 

Ayensu, E.S. 1979. Plants for medicinal uses with special reference to arid zones 117-178. in: Goodin, J.R. and Northington, D.K. (eds.) Arid land plant resources. Lubbock, Texas.

 

Bailey, C. & Danin, A. 1981. Bedouin plant utilization in Sinai and the Negev. Eco. Bot. 35(2): 145-162.

 

Bailey, C. 1974. Bedouin weddings in Sinai and the Negev. in I. Ben-Ami, (ed) Studies in marriage customs pp. 113-115. Folklore Research Centre studies IV. Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem.

 

Bailey, C. 1974. Bedouin star-lore in Sinai and the Negev. Bull. school Orient. African Stud. 37: 584-586.

 

Bailey, C. 1977. Bedouin place names in Sinai and the Negev. in Bailey, C. (ed) Notes on the Bedouins, pp. 64-68. VII. Midrashat Sde Boker.

 

Balfour, I. B. 1888. The Botany of Socotra and Abd el Kuri. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 31.

 

Batanouny, K.H. 1986. Medicinal plants in the Arab Countries. A plenary paper presented before the Conference on the Medicinal Plants and their Development in the Arab World. Baghdad, Iraq. November 24-26, 1986 (in Arabic). Proceedings published by the Union of Arab Research Centres, Baghdad 1989, pp.41-63.

 

Beek, G.W. van 1958. Frankincense and Myrrh in Ancient South Arabia. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 78, no 3 Jul-Sep 1958, pp 141-152

 

Blair, H. 1970. Maternal and Health Manuel, Part II. ARAMCO, Dhaharan, Saudi Arabia.

 

Carter, H. J. 1848. Frankinecense in Arabia. J. Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 2: 380-390.

 

El-Ghazali, G.E; Al-Khalifa, K.S.; Saleem, G.A. and Abdallah, E.M. 2010. Traditional medicinal plants indigenous to Al-Rass province, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4(24): 2680-2683.

 

El-Sheikh, A.M.1982.  Survey of the Most Important Medicinal Plants in Qassim and Their Uses. Saudi Medical J. Monogr. No. 1, 99-106.

 

Fahmy, I.R. 1956. The medicinal plants of the Middle East. Labanese Pharm. J. 4(1): 12-56.

 

Ghazanfar, S.A. 1994. Arabian Medicinal Plants. CRC Press.

 

Ghazanfar, S.A. 1996. Traditional health plants of the Arabian Peninsula. Plants for Food and Medicine. Paper presented at the joint meeting of the Society fro Economic Botany and International Society for Ethnopharmacology. 1-7 July, 1996, London.

 

Ghazanfar, S.A.1996. ‘Plants of economic importance.’ In: Ghazanfar, S.A. and Fisher, M. (eds) Vegetation of the Arabian Peninsula, pp 241–264. Dordrecht: Kluwer.

 

Grainger, J. & Llewellyn, O.A. 1994. Sustainable use: lessons from a cultural tradition in Saudi Arabia. Parks 4(3): 8–16.

 

Hegazy, A.K.; A. A. Alatar, Thomas, J., M. Faisal, A. H. Alfarhan and K. Krzywinski 2014. Compatibility and complementarity of indigenous and scientific knowledge of wild plants in the highlands of southwest Saudi Arabia. Journal of Forestry Research 25(2): 437-444.

 

Hepper, F.N. 1969. Arabian and African Frankincense Trees. J. Egyptian Archaeol., 55: 66-72.H

 

Khairallah, A.A. 1946. Outline to Arabic contributions to medicine. American Press. Beirut, Lebanon.

 

Kotschy, t. 1866. Plantae arabicae in ditionibus Hedschas, asyr et El Arysch a medico germanico nomine ignoto, in El Arysch defuncto, annis 1836-1838 collectae. Sitzber. akad. d. Wiss. Wien, Mathem.-naturw. Kl., 52, 1 Abt. pp. 251-264.

 

Kuete, V ; Wiench, B ; Alsaid, MS ; Alyahya, MA ; Fankam, AG ; Shahat, AA ; Efferth, T . 2013. Cytotoxicity, mode of action and actibacterial activities of selected Saudi Arabian medicinal plants. BMC Complementary and alternative medicine.  13:  354

 

Long, H.S.; Tilney, P.M. & Van Wyk, B.E. 2010. The ethnobotany and pharmacognosy of Olea europaea subsp. africana (Oleaceae). South African Journal of Botany 76:  324–331.

 

Mandaville, J.P. 2011. Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert Pastoral World. University of Arizona Press, Arizona

 

Miller, A. G., Morris, M., Alexander, D. & Atkinson, R. 2004: Ethnoflora of the Soqotra archipelago. – Edinburgh

 

Miller, A. G. & Morris, M. 1988. Plants of Dhofar, the southern region of Oman. The office of the Adviser for Conservation of the environment, Diwan of Royal Court, Sultanate of Oman.  

 

Mossa, J. S, Al-Yahya, M. A. & Al-Meshal, I.A. 1987: Medicinal Plants of Saudi Arabia. Vol. 1. King Saud Univ. Libraries Publications. Riyadh, KSA.

 

Mossa, J. S, Al-Yahya, M. A. & Al-Meshal, I.A. 2000: Medicinal Plants of Saudi Arabia. Vol. 2. King Fahad National Libraries,. Riyadh, KSA.

 

Mutwally, H.M.A. and Meelad, M.M.H.   1997. A Series on the medicinal effects of wild plants of Saudi Arabia.  2b. Effect of water extract of mutant Cassia senna on the spontaneous activity of locust foregut and hindgut muscles. Symposium on Herbal Medicine, King Fahad Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

 

Rahman, M.A., J.S. Mossa, M.S. Al-Said and M.A. Al-Yahya.2004. Medicinal plant diversity in the flora of Saudi Arabia 1: A report on seven plant families. Fitoterapia, 75: 149-161.

 

Saganuwan A.S. 2010. Some medicinal plants of Arabian Peninsula. J. Med. Plants Res., 4(9): 766-788.

 

Schonig, H. 1995. Traditional cosmetics. Paper presented at the seminar for Arabian Studies, Cambridge, UK.

 

Shalabi, A.F.; Khadari, A.A. and Organgi, R.A. 1985. Some medicinal and aromatic plants of Saudi Arabia. Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah.

 

Sher, H.; Al-Yemeni, M.N. 2010. Ethnobotanical and pharmaceutical evaluation of Capparis spinosa L, validity of local folk and Unani system of medicine. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 4(17): 1751-1756

 

Sher, H.; Al-Yemeni, M.N.; Masrahi, Y.S. and Shah, A.H. 2010. Ethnomedicinal and ethnoecological evaluation of Salvadora persica L.: A threatened medicinal plant in Arabian Peninsula Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4(12): 1209-1215.

 

UNESCO, 1960. Medicinal plants of the arid zones. Arid Zone Research, XIII. UNESCO, Paris. pp. 96.

 

Wickens, G.E.; Goodin, J.R. & Field, D.V. (eds.) 1989. Plants for Arid Lands. Proc. of the Kew International Conf. on Economic Plants for Arid Lands held inthe Jodrell Laboratory, RBG, KEW, England. 23-27 July 1984. Unwin Hyman, London.

 

 

Phytochemistry/Pharmacology                                                                                                                                    TOP

 

Abbas, F.A.; Al-Massarany, SM..; Khan, S.; Al-Howiriny, T.A; Mossa, J.S; Abourashed, E.A. 2007. Phytochemical and biological studies on Saudi Commiphora opobalsamum L. Natural product research. 21(5): 383-391

 

Abdel-Mogib, M.; Albar, H.A. and Batterjee, S.M. 2002. Chemistry of the Genus Plectranthus. Molecules, 7: 271-301.

 

Abd_El-Fattah, H. A contribution to the chemistry of Asphodelus fistulosus var. tenuiflorus Cav. (Part 1) 1991. Acta Pharmacologia Jugoslavia 4(2): 147-153.

 

Abdel-Mogib, M.; Ayyad, S.N.; Abou-Elzahab, M.M. and Dawridar, A.M. 1993. A sesquiterpene glucoside from Reichardia tingitana. Phytochemistry. 34(5): 1434-1435.

 

Abed, K.F. 2007. Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oils of some Medicinal Plants from Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 14 (1): 53-60.

 

Adam, S.E.I. 1998. Combined toxicity of Rhazya stricata and Silene villosa in rats. Fitoterapia LXIX (5): 425-420.

 

Adam, S.E.I. 1998. Toxic effects of Francoeuria crispa in Rats. Phytotherapy Research, 12: 476-479.

 

Adam, S.E.I.; Ahmed H. Alfarhan and Al-Yahya, M.A. 2000. Effect of combined Citrullus colocynthis and Rhazya stricta use in Najdi Sheep, American Journal of Chinese Medicine, Vol. 28 (3-4): 385-390.

 

Adam, S.E.I.; Ahmed H. Alfarhan and Al-Yahya, M.A. 2001. Effects of dietary mixtures of Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. And Rhazya stricta Decne in Rats. Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants 8(4): 9-18.

 

Adam, S.E.I.; Al-Yahya, M.A. and Alfarhan, A.H. 2002. Toxicity of Nerium oleander and Rhazya stricta in Najdi sheep: Hematologic and clinicopathologic alterations. American journal of Chinese medicine, Vol. 30 (2&3), 255-262.

 

Abdel-Sattar, E.; Harraz, F.M. and El Gayed,  S.H. 2008. Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts of some Plants Collected from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, J. of King Abdulaziz Univ. Med. Sci.15(1): 25-33

 

Ageel, A. M.; Tariq, M.; Pramar, N. S.; Al-Meshal, I. A.; and Al-Said, M. A. 1985. Psychopharmacological studies on some Saudi plants, Proc. 4th South-East Asian/Western Pacific Regional Meeting of Pharmacognosists. Penang, Malaysia.

 

Ahmed, V.U. and Iqbal, S. 1993. Jamtinine, an alkaloid from Cocculus hirsutus. Phytochemistry, 33(3): 735-736.

 

Ajabnoor, M.A.; Al-Yahya, M.A.; M. Tariq and A.A. Jayyab. 1984. Anti-diabetic Activity of Teucrium oliverianum. Fitoterapia LV, (2), 227.

 

Akbar S.; Al-Yahya, M.S. 2011. Screening of Saudi plants for phyto-constituents, pharmacological and antimicrobial properties. Australian J. of Medical Herbalism 23(2): 76-87

 

Al-Ali, K.H.  & El-Badry, A.A. 2010. Anti-viral activity of two Labiatae plants (Naana-Hassoi, Habak) and Basil (Rahan) of Al-Madinah Almunawarah. Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, May: 67-73.

 

Al-Howiriny TA, Al-Sohaibani MO, Al-Said MS, Al-Yahya MA, El-Tahir KH, Rafatullah S. 2004. Hepatoprotective properties of Commiphora opobalsamum ("Balessan"), a traditional medicinal plant of Saudi Arabia. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 30(5-6):213-20.

 

Al-Howiriny TA, Mossa JS, Al-Said MS. 2004. Three new and two rare furanoeremophilanes from Senecio asirensis. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 6(3):167-75.

 

Al-Jaber, N.A.; Mujahid, T.G. and Hazmi, H.M. 1991: Favonoids from Atriplex farinosa- J. King Saud Univ., Sci. 3: 163-167.

 

Allen, S.E.; Grimshaw, H.M.; Parkinson, J.H. and Quarmby, C. 1974. Chemical analysis of ecological materials. Oxford, Blackwell Scientific Publication.

 

Al-Meshal, I.A.; Mekkawi, A.G.; Hifnawy, M.S.; Mossa, J.S. and Al-Yahya, M.A. 1985. Aromatic plants of Saudi Arabia. Part 10: Essential oil of Horwoodia dicksoniae Turril., Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc., 8: 163-167.

 

Al-Meshal, I.A.; Tariq, M.;  Parmar, N.S. and Ageel, A.M. 1985. Anti-inflammatory activity of the flavonoid fraction of khat (Catha edulis Forssk). Inflammation Research,  17, (3-4): 379-380

 

Al-Noaim, A.A., El-Gazzar, A.A., Rumney, T.G., Al-Koraiem, Y.S., 1991. Chemical composition of range plants in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research 9 (3): 77-92.

 

Al-Said MS, Ghorab MM, Al-Qasoumi SI, El-Hossary EM, Noaman E  2010. Synthesis and in vitro anticancer screening of some novel 4- [2-amino- 3-cyano- 4-substituted- 5, 6, 7, 8- tetrahydroquinolin- 1- (4H) yl]benzenesulfonamides. Eur J Med Chem.  45(7): 3011-8.

 

Al-Said, M.S. and Hifnawy, M.S. 1985. Phytochemical and Biological screening of Pergularia tomentosa L. Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc., 8: 155-161.

 

Al-Said, M.S.; Hifnawy, M.S.; McPhall, A.T. and McPhall, D.R. 1988. Ghalakinoside, a cytotoxic cardiac glycoside from Pergularia tomentosa, Phytochemistry, 27(10): 3245-3250.

 

Al-Said, M.; Mansour, S.; Abu-Jayyab, A. and Hifnawy, M.S. 1989. Biochemical Studies of ghalakinoside, a possible antitumer agent from Pergularia tomentosa, J. of Ethopharmacology 27(1/2): 235-240.

 

Aly M. El-Sayed and Al-Yahya, M. A. 1989. Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil of Chenopodium botrys Growing in Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Crude Drug Res., 28, No.4, 158-188.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A. 1986. Phytochemical and biological studies on Saudi medicinal plants. Part 11. The major component of the spathe oil of Phoenix dactylifera. Fitoterapia LVII(2): 284-287.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A. 1986. Phytochemical Studies on the Plants Used in Traditional Medicine of Saudi Arabia. Fitoterapia 47(3), 179-182.

 

Al-Yahya M.A., Abdel-sattar E., Guittet E. 2000. Pregnane glycosides from Caralluma russeliana. J. Nat. Prod. 63, 1451-1453.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; Khafagy, S.; Shihata, A. Kozlowski, J.F.; Antoun, M.D. and Cassady, J.M. 1984. Phytochemical and Biological Screening of Saudi Medicinal Plants, Part 6. Isolation of 2α-Hydroxyalantolactone the Antileukemic Principle of Francoeuria crispa. J. Nat. Prod., 47 (6): 1013–1017

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; Hifnawy,M.S.; Mossa, J.S.; Al-Meshal, I.A. & Mekkawi, A.G. 1985. Aromatic plants of Saudi Arabia. Part 7: Essential Oil of Plectranthus tenuiflorus (Vatke)Agnew. Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc. 8: 147-153.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; Hifnawy, M.S.; Mossa, J.S.; El-Feraly, F.S.; McPhall, D.R. and Mcphall, A.T. 1987. X-ray structure of psiadiarabin, a flavone from Psiadia arabica, Phytochemistry. 26(9): 2648-2649.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; Mossa, J.S.; El-Badr, A.A.; Tariq, M. and Al-Meshal, D.R. 1987. Phytochemical and biological studies on Saudi medicinal plants. Part 12. A study on Saudi plants of family Leguminosae, International J. of Crude Drug Research, 25(2): 65-71

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; Maher M. El-Domiaty, Ibrahim A. Al-Meshal, Mansour S. Al-Said and Farouk S. El-Feraly. 1991. (+)-Dihydroperfamine: an Alkaloid from Haplophyllum tuberculatum. Int. J. Pharmacognosy, 29, No.4, 268-272.

 

Al-Yahya, M. A.; Al-Meshal I. A., Mossa J. S. al-Badr, A. A., & Tariq, M. 1990. Saudi Plants: A phytochemical and biological Approach GDRGP, KACST, Riyadh.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; I. Muhammad, H.H. Mirza, F.S. El-Feraly, A.T. McPhail. 1993. Neocleordane Diterpenoids and their Artifacts from Teucrium olivarainum. J. Nat. Prod., 56(6) 830-842.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; A.J. Al-Rehaily, M.A. Ahmed, M.S. Al-Said, F.S. El-Feraly, and C.D. Hafford. 1992. New Alkaloids from Haplophyllum tuberculatum. J. Nat. Prod., 55(7) 899-903.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; A.M. El-Sayed and J.S. Mossa. 1988. Potential Cancer Chemopreventive and Cytotoxic Agents from Pulicaria crispa. Journal of Natural Products, Vo.51, No.3, 621-624.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; Mohammed S. Hifnawy, Jaber S. Mossa, Farouk S. El-Feraly, Donald R. McPhail and Andrew T. McPhail. 1987. X-Ray Structure of Psiadiarabin, A Flavonone from Psiadia arabica. Phytochemistry, Vol. 26, No. 9, 2648-2649.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; M. Tariq, N.S. Parmar and A.M. Ageel. 1987.Pharmacological Investigations of Hibiscus micranthus Linn., a Febrifuge Used in Saudi Folk Medicine. Phytotherapy Research, Vol.1, No.2.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.and M. Tariq. 1983. Studies on Caralluma penicillata. Fitoterapia LIV (1), 41.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A J.S. Mossa, A.A. Al-Badr, M. Tariq and I.A. Al-Meshal. 1987. Phytochemical and Biological Studies on Saudi Medicinal Plants: Part 12. A Study on Saudi Plants of Family "Leguminosae". Int. J. Crude Drug Res. 25, No.2, 65-71.

 

Al-Yahya, M.A.; M. Tariq, T.I. Khalifa and I. Ashraf 1983. Toxicity Studies on Caralluma penicillata - A Poisonous Plant from Saudi Arabia. Toxicon (Suppl. 3), 9-12.

 

Alyemeni, M.N.; Basahy, A.Y. & Sher, H. 2011. Physico-chemical analysis and mineral composition of some sesame seeds (Sesamum indicum L.) grown in the Gizan area of Saudi Arabia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(2): 270-274

 

Ali, A.A.; Abdullah, O.A. and Steglish, W. 1989. Chlorosesquiterpene lactones from Ambrosia maritima, Pharmazie 44(11): 800-801.

 

Aly, M.M and Bafeel, S.O. 2008. Screening for antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants in Saudi Arabia,.African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative medicines (AJTCAM), Abstracts of the world congress on Medicinal and Aromatic plants, Cape Town.

 

Ajabnoor, M.A.; M.A. Al-Yahya, M. Tariq and A.A. 1984. Jayyab. Antidiabetic Activity of Hammada salicornica. Fitoterapia LV, (2), 107

 

Bakhiet, A.O. & Adam, S.E.I. 1996. Toxicity to Bovans Chicks of Cassia italica seeds. Phytotherapy Research 10: 156-160.

 

Bhardwaj, D.K.; Bisht, M.S.; Jain, R.K. and Munjal, A. 1982. Phenolics from the seeds of Argemone mexicana. Phytochemistry, 21(8): 2154.

 

Bokhari, F. M. 2009. Antifungal activity of some medicinal plants used in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Mycopath (2009) 7(1): 51-57

 

El-Domaity, M.M.; Feraly, F.S.; Mossa, J.S. and McPhall, A.T. 1993. Diterpenes from Psiadia arabica, Phytochemisty, 34(2): 467-471.

 

El-Dirdiri, N.I.; Barakat, S.E. and Adam, S.E.I. 1987. The combined toxicity of Aristolochia bracteolata and Cadaba rotundifolia to goats. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 29(2): 133-137.

 

El-Feraly, F.S.; Mossa, J.; Al-Yahya, M.A.; Hafnawy, M.S.; Hafez, M.M. and Hufford, C.D. 1990. Two flavones from Psiadia arabica, Phytochemistry, 29(10): 3372-3373.

 

El-Hawary, S.S.; M.A. Al-Yahya, I.A. Al-Meshal, J.S. Mossa and M.S. Hifnawy. 1991. Aromatic Plants of Saudi Arabia, Part 13. Essential Oil of Micromeria sinaica. Int. J. Pharmacognosy, 29, No.3, 193-196.

 

El-Hawary, S.S; J.S. Mossa M.A. Al-Yahya, I.A. Al-Meshal, and M.S. Hifnawy. Aromatic Plants of Saudi Arabia, Part 12. Essential Oil of Conyza incana. Int. J. Pharmacognosy, 29, No.3, 188-192 (1991)

 

El-Sayed, A.M.; Al-Yahya, M.A.; Shaw, A.H.; Hartmann, R. and Breltmaier, E. 1990. Eurabidol and other sesquiterpeness from Euryops arabicus, Chemiker-Zeitung, 114(5): 159-160.

 

El Sayed K, Al-Said MS, El-Feraly FS, Ross SA. 2000. New quinoline alkaloids from Ruta chalepensis. J. Nat. Prod. ;63(7): 995-997.

 

Fardos M. Bokhari, F.M. 2009.  Antifungal activity of some medicinal plants used in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Mycopath 7(1): 51-57.

 

Gunasingh, C.B.G. adn Nagarajan, S. 1981.  Flavanoides of the flowers of Vernonia cinerea, Indian J. of Pharmacological Science. 43: 114.

 

Gupta, S.; Ali, M and Alam, M.S. 1993.  A naphthoquinone from Lawsonia inermis stem bark, Phytochemistry. 33(3): 723-724.

 

Hassan, M..A.; Huhtadi, F.J. and Aziz, O.A. 1977. Phytochemical investigation of Rhazya stricta growing in Saudi Arabia. Part 1. Total Alkaloidal content and TLC screening. Bull. Fac. Sci. Riayd Univ., 8: 331-339.

 

Hassan, M..A.; Mohammed A. Al-Yahya, and Jaber S. Mossa. 1987. PMR Determination of the Major Constituents of the Volatile Oil of Thymus vulgaris Growing in Saudi Arabia. Arab Gulf J. Scient. Res. Math. Phys. Sci. A5 (3) 349-358.

 

Hiffnawy, M.S. and Muhtadi, F.J. 1984. Pharmacognostical study of Lygos raetam Forssk. growing in Saudi Arabia. Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc. 7: 183-188.

 

Hifnawi, M.S.; Al-Yahya, M.A. I.A. Al-Meshal J.S. Mossa and A.G. Mekkawi. 1984. Plants of Saudi Arabia, Part VI: Essential oil of Jasonia candicans Del. Proc. 7th Symp. Biol. Aspects of Saudi Arabia, 201-210.

 

Hung-Joon, C. and Jado, A.I. 1977. Phytochemical survey of desert plants in Saudi Arabia. Bull. Fac. Sci. Riyadh University. 8: 347-352.

 

Hussain, H.; Soliman, F.; Al-rajhi, D. & Alfarhan, A.H. 1996. Plant extracts as an alternative tool for pests control. Alex. Sci. Exch. 17(2): 167-174.

 

Ilyas Muhammed, Jaber S. Mossa, Mohammed A. Al-Yahya, Humayun H. Mirza, Farouk S. El-Feraly. 1994. New Modified Labdane Diterpenoids from Cluytia richardiana. J. Nat. Prod., 56(2) 284-255.

 

Kalix, P. 1991. The pharmacology of psychoactive alkaloides from Ephedra and Catha. J. of Ethnopharmacology. 32: 201-208.

 

Khalid, S. and Waterman, P. 1981. Alkaloid, lignan and flavanoid constituents of Haplophyllum tuberculatum from Sudan. Planta Medica, 43(2): 148-152.

 

Khatibi A, Shan AH, Ageel AM, Ahmed MS, Al-Yahya MA, Tariq MC (1989). Saudi folk medicine: Phytochemical and antimicrobial screening. Pak. J. Pharm. Sci., 2(1): 29-34.

 

Mekkawi, A.G.; Al-Said, M.S.; Mossa, J.S.; Al-Meshal, I.A.; Hifnawy, M.S. and Al-Yahya, M.A. 1985. Aromatic plants of Saudi Arabia. Part 11: Essential Oil of Cleome chrysantha, Decne. Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc. 8: 169-173.

 

Mekkawi, A.G.; Mossa, J.S. & Al-Badr, A.A. 1985. Lipids of Achillea frangrantissima Forssk. Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc. 8: 141-146.

 

Mohammad A. I. Al-Yahya and Evans, W.C.. 1977, The alkaloids of Datura quercifolia H.B.K. Quart. J. Crude Drug Res. 15, 131-132

 

Mossa, J.S.; Al-Yahya, M.A.; Al-Meshal, I.A. & Tariq, M. 1983. Phytochemical and biological scereening of Saudi medicinal plants. Fitoterapia 54: 75-80, 147-152.

 

Mossa, J.S.; Hafnawy, M.S.; Al-Yahya, M.A. Hafez, M.M.; Shehata, A.A. and El-Feraly, F.S. 1988. Flavanoids and coumarins from three Saudi Arabian Compositae species. International J. of Crude Drug Research, 26(4): 181-184.

 

Mossa JS, Tariq M, Mohsin A, Ageel AM, al-Yahya MA, al-Said MS, Rafatullah S. 1991. Pharmacological studies on aerial parts of Calotropis procera. Am J Chin Med. 19(3-4):223-31.

 

Mossa, J.S.;  M. Tariq, A. Mohsin, A.M. Ageel, M.A. Al-Yahya, M.S. Al-Said and S. Rafatullah. 1991. Pharmacological Studies on Aerial Parts of Calotropis Procera. American Journal of Chinesed Medicine, Vol. XIX, No.3-4, 223-231.

 

Mossa, J.S.; Mohamed S. Hifnawy, Al-Yahya, M.A.; Mohamed M. Hafez, Amir A. Shehata and Farouk S. El-Feraly. 1988. Flavonoids and Coumarins from Three Saudi Arabian Compositae Species. Int. J. Crude Drug Res., 26, No.2, 181-184.

 

Mossa, J.S.; Ibrahim A. Al-Meshal, Mohammed A. Al-Yahya, and Mohamed S. Hifnawy. 1988. Aromatic Plants of Saudi Arabia Part IX GC/MS Analysis of Essential Oil of Triumfetta flavescens. Arab Gulf J. Scient. Res. Biol. Sci. B6 (3) 389-398.

 

Mossa, J.S;.M.S. Hifnawy, M.A. Al-Yahya, I.A. Al-Meshal and A.G. Mekkawi. 1987.  Aromatic Plants of Saudi Arabia - Part 8 - GC/MS Analysis of Essential Oils of Pulicaria arabica and P. undulata. Int. J. Crude Drug Res. 25, No.2, 113-119.

 

Mossa, J.S.; Mohammed A. Al-Yahya and Mahmoud M.A. Hassan. 1987. Physicochemical Characteristics and Spectroscopy of the Volatile Oil of Thymus vulgaris Growing in Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Crude Drug Res. 25, No.1

 

Muhammad I, El Sayed KA, Mossa JS, Al-Said MS, El-Feraly FS, Clark AM, Hufford CD, Oh S, Mayer AM. 2000. Bioactive 12-oleanene triterpene and secotriterpene acids from Maytenus undata. J. Nat. Prod. 2000 May; 63(5):605-610.

 

Muhtadi, F.J.; Aziz, O.A. and Hassan, M.M.A. 1977. Pharmacognostical investigation of Rhazya stricta growing in Saudi Arabia. Bull. Fac. Sci. Riyad Univ. 5: 1-15.

 

Noor, F.; Ahmed, A.; Imtiazuddin, S.M. and Khan, B. 1993. A triterpenoid from Leptadenia pyrotechnica. Phytochemistry 32(1): 211-212.

 

Qureshi, S.; A.M. Ageel, M.A. Al-Yahya, M. Tariq, J.S. Mossa and A.H. Shah. 1990. Preliminary Toxicity Studies on Ethanol Extracts of the Aerial Parts of Artemisia abyssinica and A. inculata in Mice. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 28, 157-162.

 

Rizk, A.M.; Helba, H.I.; Mayergi, H and Batanouny, K.H. 1985. Phytochemistry of Blepharis ciliaris (Acanthaceae). Fitoterapia, 1: 56

 

Saadabi, A.M.A, 2006. Antifungal activity of some Saudi plants used in traditional medicine. Asian J. Plant Sci., 5: 907-909.

 

Shah, A.H.; A.M. Ageel, J.S. Mossa, M. Tariq, I.A. Al-Meshal and M. A. Al Yahya. 1987. Chemical Studies on Some Zizyphus Species Used in Saudi Folk Medicine. Proc. Second Nat. Meet. Chem. 133-140

 

Shah, A.H. A.M. Ageel, M. Tariq, J.S. Mossa and M.A. Al-Yahya. 1986. Chemical Constituents of the Stem Bark of Zizyphus Spina-Christi. Fitoterapia Vol. LVII, No.6, 452-453

 

Tariq, M.; M. A. Al-Yahya, M. A.; Al-Meshal, I. A.; Mossa, J. M. 1984. Studies on Saudi plants causing neuromuscular blockade. Proc. 9th Int. Cong. Pharmacol. (IUPHAR), London, 2030.

 

Tariq, M, A.M.Ageel, A.M, AL-Yahya, M.A.; Mossa, J.S. AL-Saro, M.S. and Parmer, N.S. 1985. Anti-inflammatory activity of Commiphora molmol. Agents and Actions, vol. 17 (3/4): 381-382

 

Tariq M, Ageel AM, al-Yahya MA, Mossa JS, al-Said MS. 1989. Anti-inflammatory activity of

 polium. Int J Tissue React. 11(4):185-188.

 

Tariq, M.; J.S. Mossa, M.A. Al-Yahya, N.S. Parmar and A.M. Ageel. Evaluation of Artemisia inculta for Anti-Inflammatory Activity in Rats. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, Vol. XIV, Nos.3-4, 127-132 (1987)

 

 

Vegetation/Ecology                                                                                                                                                      TOP

 

Abbas, J.A. & El-Oqlah, A.A. 1996. Distribution and communities of halophytic plants in Bahrain. J. Arid Envir. 22: 205-218.

 

Abd El–Ghani, M.M. 1996. Vegetation along a transect in the Hijaz mountains (Saudi Arabia). J. Arid Environ., 32: 289–04


Abd El–Ghani, M.M., 1997. Vegetation analysis and species diversity along an altitudinal gradient in the central Hijaz Mountains of Saudi Arabia. Arab Gulf J. Scient. Res., 15: 399–414

 

Abd El-Ghani, M.M. 1993. Habitat features and plant communities of the Holy places, Makkah, Saudi Arabia, Feddes Repertorium,104 (5-6): 417-425

 

Abd El-Ghani, M.M. 1997. Phenology of ten common plant species in western Saudi Arabia. J. Arid Env. 35(4): 673-683.

 

Abd-El Monsef, Hesham; Aguib, Ayman S. H.; Smith, Scot E. 2013. Locating suitable mangrove plantation sites along the Saudi Arabia Red Sea Coast.  Journal of African earth sciences. 83: 1-9

 

Abd El-Rahman, A.A. and Beleg, E. 1974. Analysis of climatic elements in Saudi Arabia. Bull. Fac. Sci., Riyadh Univ. 6: 98-123.

 

Abd El-Rahman, A.A. 1886. The desert of the Arabian Peninsula. In: Evenari, M. et al (eds). Hot desert and arid shrub-land, Ecosystems of the world. Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. Amsterdam 29-54.

 

Abdel Razik, M.S. 1991. Population structure and ecological performance of the mangrove Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. on the Arabian Gulf coast of Qatar, J. Arid Env. 20: 331-338.

 

Abdel-Mawgood, A.I.; Assaeed, A.; Al-Abdallatif, T. 2005. Genetic diversity in an isolated population of Capparis deciduas. The Role of Biotechnology. Villa Gualino, Turin, Italy – 5-7 March: 185-186.

 

Abdel-Mawgood, A.L.; Assaeed, A.M.,;Al-Abdallatif, T.I .2006. Application of RAPD technique for the conservation of an isolated population of Capparis decidua. Alex J Agric Res 51: 171-177

 

Abdel-Mawgood, A.L.; Jakse, J.; Al-Doss, A.A. & Assaeed, A.A. 2010. Genetic structure and diversity within and among six populations of Capparis decidua (forssk.) edgew. from Saudi Arabia, African Journal of Biotechnology  9(38): 6256-6263

 

Abdel-Fattah, R.I., Ali, A.A., 2005. Vegetation environment relationships in Taif, Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Bot. 1: 206–211.

 

Abderrahman, W.A. & Al-Harazin, I.M. 1999. Impacts of climatic change on irrigation demands and desertification in Saudi Arabia, The third conference on desertification and environmental studies, Proceedings beyond the year 2000, Prince Sultan Centre for Environmental, water and desert Research, King Saud University, Riyadh.

 

Abdullah, M.A.R. & Abulfatih, H.A. 1995. Predation of Acacia seeds by bruchid beetles and its relationto altitudinal gradient in south-western Saudi Arabia, J. of Arid. Env. 29(1): 99-105

 

Abdullah Eben Saleh, M. 1998. Alternative land management approaches in the highlands of southwestern Saudi Arabia. Environmental Conservation 25 (4): 295–304.

 

Abohassan, A.A. and Rudolph, V.J. 1978. Afforestation for sand dune stabilization in Al Hassa Oasis, Saudi Arabia. pp. 257-259. In D.N. Hyder (ed.). Proceedings of the first international rangeland congress. Denver, USA.

 

Abo-Hassan, A.A.; Asta, M.L. & Sabry, M.M. 1984. Natural forests in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its potential economic use. SANCST, Riyadh. (in arabic)

 

Abohassan A. A. and El-Osta, M. L. M. (1982). Variation in certain  quality parameters of wood from young Casuarina windbreak trees grown in Saudi Arabia. J. Coll. Agric. King Saud Univ. 4: 53-67.

 

Abohassan, A. A. (1979). Studies on sand stabilization in Al-Hasa region,   Saudi Arabia. 1. Afforestation. J. Agric. Res. Fac. Agric. Riyadh Univ.     4: 53-71.

 

Abohassan, A. A. (1980). Role of people in rangeland ecosystems in the     Arabian Peninsula. A position Statement. 33rd Annual Meeting, Society     for Range Management, Feb 11th , 1980. San Diego, California, USA.

 

Abohassan, A. A. (1983). Forest resources in Saudi Arabia.J. Forestry (USA). 81: 239-241.

 

Abohassan, A. A. (1983). Specific gravity of natural grown (Juniperus procera) in southwest Saudi Arabia.Presented at Session 13-Biology of     the Annual Meeting of the Forest Products Res. Soc. June 19-23, 1983     in Norfolk, Virginia, USA. Published in J. Coll. Agric. King Saud     University.

 

Abohassan, A. A. (1983). Type, distribution and area of forests in     southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. J. Coll. Agric., King Saud Univ. 5:     103-113.

 

Abohassan, A. A. (1989). Afforestation and its effect in desertification. J. Sci. Tech. King Abdul Aziz City for Sciences and     Technology.

 

Abohassan, A. A. (1989). Recent progress in forest planting. J. Sci.     Tech. King Abdul Aziz City for Sciences and Technology.

 

Abohassan, A. A. and Basha, M. A. (1981). Mineral composition of the     foliage o9f four Saudi Arabian date palm cultivars. J. Coll. Agric. King     Saud Univ. 4: 35-42.

 

Abohassan, A. A. and Habib, M. M. (1979). Sand dunes fixation in Saudi     Arabia.Univ. Coll. Agric. Res. Bull. 3: 28.

 

Abohassan, A. A. and Mahros, O. M. (1979). Effect of some treatments     on seed germination of certain species of trees and shrubs of Saudi     Arabia. J. Coll. Agric. Riyadh Univ. 1: 45-52.

 

Abohassan, A. A. and Sabry, M. (1989). Commercial utilization of     Juniprus procera in the Kingdom. National Organization for     Conservation of Wild Life.

 

Abohassan, A. A. and Zowail, M. (1994). Effect of media and different     sowing dates on rooting of Ficus infectoria cuttings.Periodicals of Agricultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University.

 

Abohassan, A. A. and Zowail, M. (1994). Studies on propagating neem     (Azadirachtia indica)through cuttings. J. Al-Azhar Agric. Res.

 

Abohassan, A. A. and Zowail, M. (1994). Studies on Propagation and Multiplication on Neem (Melia Azadiraclta) tree by cuttings. Al-Azhar J. Agric. Res., vol 19.

 

Abohassan, A. A.(1981). Atriplex, a prospective forage crop in arid and     semi arid ands. Alexandria J. Agric. Res. 29(1): 113-121.

 

Abohassan, A. A., Bach, M. A. and  Abdel Hafeez (1981). Effect of     antitranspiration agent on Pinolene (vapour guard)growth, yield and     the water use by some horticultural crops. Proc. 7th Annual     Conference, Assoc. of Muslim Scientists and Engineers, Purdue Univ.,     West Lafayette, IN. USA. pp. 121-134.

 

Abohassan, A. A., El-Hamady, A. M. and Hamouda, M. A. (1979). Effect     of Gibberellic acid and kinetin on germination of apricot and lime     seeds and subsequent seeding growth. Proc. Saudi Biol. Soc., 3rd Conf.     on the Biological Aspects of Saudi Arabia, pp. 1-6.

 

Abohassan, A. A., El-Hamady, A. M., Basha, M. A. and Hamouda, M. A.     (1980). Effect of stratification, gibberellic acid and kinetin on seed germination        and seedling growth of annona (Annina squamosa). J. Agric. Res. Tanta Univ. 6 (1).

 

Abohassan, A. A., Khir-Allah, I. and Kandeel, S. E. (1988). Effect of   irrigation rates on timber quality of Prosop in trees growing in Riyadh   area. Arabian Gulf.

 

Abohassan, A. A., Nasr, T. A. and Elshuks, H. (1982).Effects of type and     storage of pollen on fruiting of Khudari dates. Proc. 1st Symposium on the Date Palm, Coll. Agric. Sci. and Food. King Faisal Univ., Al-Hassa.     pp. 102-106.

 

Abohassan, A. A., Tawfik, H. A. and Habib, M. M. (1980). Effect of     salinity on seed germination and growth of orache (Atriplex spp).     Proc. Biol. Soc. 4: 71-81.

 

Abou-Zeid, A.M.; Altalhi, A.D. and Abd El-Fattah, R.E. 2009. Bacterial control of pathogenic fungi isolated from some wild plants in Taif Governorate, Saudi Arabia. Mycopath  7(1): 11-20
 

Abu Hassan, A. A., Asta, M. L. & Sarry, M. M. (1984): Natural forestry in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its potential economic use. SANCST. Riyadh (in Arabic).

 

Abu-Hassan, A. and Sabri, M. 1989. Economic feasibility of Timber production in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. In. Proc. of the First NCWCD/IUCN workshop: Ecological imperatives for the conservation and sustainable use of the flora and fauna of Saudi Arabia. June 20-21, 1989, NCWCD, Riyadh.

 

Abulfatih, H.A. 1979. Vegetation of higher elevation of Asir, Saudi Arabia, Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc., 3: 139-148.

 

Abulfatih, H.A. 1981. Plant Ecology of Dalaghan National Park, Asir Province, Saudi Arabia. Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc. 5: 131-141.

 

Abulfatih, H.A. 1981. Wild plants of Abha and its surroundings. Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc. 5: 143-159.

 

Abulfatih, H. A. 1983. Elevationally restricted floral element of the Asir mountains, Saudi Arabia, J. of Arid Environments 7: 35-41.

 

Abulfatih, H. A. 1983. Germination characteristics of 9 species from Abha. J. of Arid Environments: 6: 247-251.

 

Abulfatih, H. A. 1991. Quantitative assessment of wild trees in southwestern Saudi Arabia. Biological Sciences 1: 117-127 

 

Abulfatih, H.A. 1992. Vegetation zonation along an altitudinal gradient between sea level and 3000m in southwestern Saudi Arabia., Jour. King Saud University, 4(1): 57-97. 

 

Abulfatih, H.A. 1988. Altitudinal distribution of the hemiparasitic Loranthaceae in southwestern Saudi Arabia. Biotropica, 20: 81-83.

 

Abulfatih, H.A. and Hashish, A. 1995. The contribution of Acacia species to the soil nitrogen in south-west Saudi Arabia. J. King Saud Univ., Science 7(1): 21-26

 

Abulfatih, H.A., H.A. Emara and A. El-Hashish 1989. Influence of grazing on vegetation and soil of Asir highlands in south western Saudi Arabia. Arab Gulf J. Sci. Res. 7:69-78.

 

Abu Ziada, M.E. 1998. Vegetation of Tabuk-Duba area, Saudi Arabia. In Omar, S.A.S.; Misak, R.; Al-Ajmi, D. & Al-Awadhi, N. (eds.) Sustainable Development in Arid Zones. Vol. 2, Mangement and improvement of desert resources: pp. 461-475. Balkema Publishers, Brookfield.

 

Abuzinada, A.H. 1998. Restoration of desert ecosystems through wildlife management - The Saudi experience. In Omar, S.A.S.; Misak, R.; Al-Ajmi, D. & Al-Awadhi, N. (eds.) Sustainable Development in Arid Zones. Vol. 2, Management and improvement of desert resources: pp. 641-648. Balkema Publishers, Brookfield.

 

Abuzinada, A.H. & Joubert, E. (Eds.) 1999. Proceedings of the workshop on the conservation of the flora of the Arabian Peninsula, Arabian Plant Specialist Group, NCWCD, Riyadh.

 

Abuzinada, A.H.; Goriup, P. and Nader, I. (eds.) 1989. Proceedings of the first symposium on Wildlife conservation and development in Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, Feb. 1987. NCWCD, Publication #3.

 

Ahmad, K.; Ibrahim, M.; Khan, Z.I.; Rizwan, Y.; Ejaz, A.; Fardsous, A .; Lee, D.J.; Al-Yemeni, M.; 2011.  Effect of sewage water on mineral nutritive potential of six fodder species grown under semiarid conditions. Saudi J. of Biological Sciences, 18(4): 317-321.

 

Ahmed, S.S. (Report year not known). Phyto-ecology of Zifaf Island. Unpublished report. NCWCD, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

Al-Abdulkader, A. M.; Shanavaskhan, A. E.; Al-Khalifah, N. S.; Nasroun, T. H. 2009. The economic feasibility of firewood plantation enterprises in Saudi Arabia. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research  27 (1-2): 1-6

 

Al-Farraj, M.M. et al. 1988. Ecophysiological studies on Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad and Cucumis prophetarum L. in Saudi Arabia. I. Seed germination. Arab Gulf J. Sci. Res. 3: 377-387.

 

Al-Fredan M.A. 2008. Sand dune and sabkha vegetations of eastern Saudi Arabia. Int J. Bot 4: 196-204.

 

Al-Ghanem, W.M. 2011. Ecological study on Uyun Layla in Saudi Arabia. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Vol. 5(9): 668-672

 

Al-Helal, A.A.; Al-Farraj, M.M.; El-Desoki, R.A. and Al-Habashi. 1989. Germination response of Cassia senna L. Seeds to Sodium salts and temperature. J. Univ. Kuwait (Sci.) 16: 281-287.

 

Al-Hemaid, F.M. 1996. Vegetation and distribution of the sand seas in Saudi Arabia, Geobios, 23: 2-15.

 

Al-Hemaid, F.M.. 1998. Preliminary study on the vegetation of the Rawdhat Umm Hazim, Saudi Arabia. J. Saudi. Bio. Sci., 5 (2): 3-8.

 

Al-Hemaid, F.M. 2000. A new Hypothesis of the Juniper Dieback in Saudi Arabia. Proc. of the 2nd International Conference of Economics and Conservation of Renewable Natural Resources in Arid Zones (NCWCD), Riyadh, pp. 1-12.

 

Al-Hemaid, F.M. 2002. Sand dunes Vegetation of The Central Region in Saudi Arabia. Res. Bull., No. (113), Res. Cent. Coll. of Agri., King Saud Univ., 5-45.

Al-Hemaid, F.M. 2002. Sand Dunes Vegetation of the Central Region in Saudi Arabia. King Saud University, Riyadh

 

Al-Homaid, N.; Sadiq, M. & Khan, M.H. 1990. Some desert plants of Saudi Arabia and their relation to soil characteristics. J. Arid Env., 18: 43-49.

 

Al-Homaid, N. & Khan, M.H.1996. Plant succession in sandy desert ecosystem in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. In Omar, S.A.S.; Misak, R.; Al-Ajmi, D. & Al-Awadhi, N. (eds.) Sustainable Development in Arid Zones. Vol. 2, Management and improvement of desert resources: pp. 477-483. Balkema Publishers, Brookfield.

 

AL-Hubaishi, A. and MU Ller-Hohenstein, K. 1984. An Introduction to the Vegetation of Yemen. Eschborn: GTZ.

 

AL-Humaid, A. I. & Warrag, M. O. 1998. Allelopathic effects of mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) foliage on seed germination and seedling growth of Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon). J. Arid Environ. 38: 237–243.

 

Al-Huqail, A., Al-Turki, T.A., 2006. Ecological studies on the natural vegetation at Sabkha Al-Aushazia in Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Saudi J. Biol. Sci. 13, 79–110.

 

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Al-Khalifah, N.S., P.R. Khan, A.M. Al-Abdulkader, T. Nasroun & A.H. Al-Farhan. 2003. Impact of water stress on growth of two fuelwood plants of Saudi Arabia. Ann. Arid Zone 42: 155–163.

 

Al-Khalifah, N.S, Nasroun, T.H., Al-Abdulkader,A.M. Al-Farhan,A.H. and Shanavaskhan, A.E.2005. Problems and remedies for the regeneration of Ghada and Ertaa in SaudiArabia. Saudi Journal of Biol.Sci. 12(1): 15-26.

 

Al-Khalifah, N.S. and Shanavaskhan A.E.2005. Effect of seasonal Weather condition of Saudi Arabia on the performance and growth of eight cultivars of Turfgrass. Journal of Sports Turf Research Institute 81: 2-9.

 

Al-Khalifah, N.S. Askari, E., Shanavaskhan, A.E. and Hadi, S. (2005). Morphologic and genetic analysis of some turfgrass cultivars Grown in Saudi Arabia. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal (Technical Paper) Vol.10 (Annex):54-55

 

Al-Khalifah, N.S.; Khan, P.R.; Al-Abdulkader, A.M.  and Nasroun, T. 2006. Impact of water stress on the sapwood anatomy and functional morphology of Calligonum comosum. IAWA Journal, 27 (3): 299–312

 

Al-Khalifah, N.S. & Shanavaskhan, A.E. 2007.  On the distribution, status and phenology of Ghada (Haloxylon persicum Bunge) in the Arabian Peninsula. Tropical Ecology 48(1): 51-60.

 

Alkhail, M.S.A. and Moftah, A.E. 2011. Adaptation mechanisms of some desert plants grown in central region of Saudi Arabia. International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science Vol. 1(11): 462-470.

 

Al-Khamis, H. H.; Al-Hemaid, F. M.; Ibrahim, A. S. S. 2012. Diversity of perennial plants at Ibex Reserve in Saudi Arabia. J. of Animal and plant sciences, 22 (2): 484-492

 

Ali, A.; Alfarhan, A.H.; Robinson, E. and Aldjain, I. 2008.  Pattern of Survival and Mortality of Mangrove Populations Grown at Al-Jubail Area (Saudi Arabia) of the Arabian Gulf. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 (3): 610-616.

 

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Allred, B.W. 1968. Range and their management in Saudi Arabia. Ministry of Agriculture and Water, Riyadh.

 

Allred, B.W. 1968. Range management training handbook for Saudi Arabia. FAO, Rome, P.L. : PFC/4.

 

Allred, B.W. 1971. Woodlands in Saudi Arabia. Dept. of Forest, Ministry of Agriculture and water, Riyadh FAO, 17p.

 

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Al-Osti, M.M. & Abu-Hasan, A. 1987. The Important Technological Characteristics of Juniper Trees. King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (In Arabic): xv 1 88 p.

 

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Al-Rowaily, S.;  El-Bana, M.I. and Al-Dujain, F.A.R. 2012. Changes in vegetation composition and diversity in relation to morphometry, soil and grazing on a hyper-arid watershed in the central Saudi Arabia, Catena 97 (2012) 41–49

 

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Miller, A. G. 1985: The genus Lavandula in Arabia and tropical NE Africa. – Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42: 503-528.

 

Miller, A.G. & Nyberg, J.A. 1991. Patterns of endemism in Arabia. Flora et Vegetatio Mundi  9: 263-273.

 

Miller, A.G.; Short, M. & Sutton, D.A. 1982. A revision of Schweinfurthia. Notes from the Royal Bot. Garden, Edinburgh 40: 23-40.

 

Miller, A.G. and Whitecombe, R.P. 1983. Studies in the flora of Arabia: IV. A new Campanula from Oman. Notes RBG. Edinb. 41(1): 109-113.

 

Montealegre. J.R.; Reyes, R.; Perez L.M.; Herrera, R.; Silva. P.; Mossallam, H.A.& BaZaid, S.A., 2000. An illustrated guide to the wild plants of Taif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Umm Al Qura Univ., Saudi Arabia.

 

Mossallam HA, BaZaid SA, 2000. An Illustrated Guide to the Wild Plants of Taif. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Publication Committee For Tourism Activation-Taif, Saudi Arabia

 

Mummenhoff, K. 1995. Should Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. be classified within the genus Lepidium L. (Brassicaceae)? Evidence from subunit polypeptide composition of RUBISCO. Feddes Repert. 106(1-2): 25-28.

 

Musselman, L. J. & Hepper, F. N. 1988. Studies in the flora of Arabia: 20. The genus Striga in Arabia. – Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45: 43-50.

 

Nader, A.H. 1982. First records of flora from the highlands of Asir, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Senckenbergiana Biologica 62(4/6):406-412.

 

Nader, I. A. & Nader, A. 1978. Lampranthus roseus from the highlands of Asir: a new addition to the Flora of Saudi Arabia. Journ. Saudi Arabian Nat. Hist. Soc. 23: 5-9.

 

Parker, C. 1973. Weeds in Arabia. PANS 19(3): 345-352.

 

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Plowes, D.C.H. 1995. A reclassification of Caralluma R. Br. (Stapelieae: Asclepiadaceae). Haseltonia 3: 49-70.

 

Plowes, D. C. H. and McCoy, T. A. 2003. Huernia khalidbinsultanii, a new species from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Cactus and succulent journal (U. S.), 75 (1): 19-21.

 

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Qaiser, M. & Lack, H.W. 1985. The genus Phagnalon (Asteraceae, Inuleae) in Arabia. Willdenowia 15: 3-22.

 

Qaiser, M. & Lack, H. W. 1986: A note on Pluchea arabica (Asteraceae, Inuleae). – Willdenowia 15: 451-454. 

 

Raadts, E.  1981. Uber zwei arabische Kalanchoe-Arten (Crassulaceae). Willdenowia 11: 327-331.

 

Rauh, W. 1966. Little known succulents of southern Arabia. Cactus and Succulent Journal 38: 165-176, 207-219.

 

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Ricks, G.R.1988.  Landscape Plant Manual for Saudi Arabia, King Abdulaziz University Press, Jeddah.

 

Ricks, G. 1992. Native and Introduced Species for Naturalistic Landscape in Saudi Arabia. J. King Abdulaziz Univ. Eng. Sci., 4: 21-46.

 

Ridley, H. N. 1884: A new species of Albuca from Aden. Journ. Bot. 22: 370.

 

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Robertson, E.F.; Collenette, S.; Strauss, M. & Wacher, T. 1996. Checklist of plants in Uruq bani Mu'Arid. Unpublished Report, King Khalid Wildlife Res. Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

Robertson, E.F.; Dunham, K. & Collenette, S. 1997. Report on a visit to the At-Tubayq Protected Area. Unpublished report. King Khald Wildlife Res. Center for NCWCD, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

Robertson, F. 1995. Food Plants of Mountain Gazelles and Ibex in the Ibex Reserve. Unpublished Report, King Khalid Wildlife Res. Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

Sa'ad, F.I. 1967. The Convolvulus species of the Canary Isles, the Mediterranean region and the Near and Middle East. Bronder-Offset, Rotterdam

 

Rollins, R.C. & Al-Shehbaz, I.A. 1986. Weeds of South-West Asia in North America with special reference to the Cruciferae. Hedge, I.C. (ed.) Plant Life in South-West Asia, Proc. Symb., The Royal, Soc. Edinburgh, 89B: 289-299.

 

Scholz, H. 1969. Bemerkungen zu einigen Stipagrostis-Arten aus Afrika und Arabien. Osterrische Botanische Zeitschrift 117: 284-292.

 

Scholz, H., and Konig, P. 1983. Enneapogon lophotrichus, eine neue Gramineen-Art. (Enneapogon lophotrichus,  a new  species of Gramineae) Willdenowia 13: 369-371.

 

Scholz, H., and Konig, P. 1984. Die Gattung Oropetium (Gramineae) in Arabien. Willdenowia 14: 161-163.

 

Scholz, H., and Konig, P. 1984. Erganzungen zun flora Saudi Arabia: Gramineae. Willdenowia 14: 373-377. 

 

Scholz, H., and Konig, P. 1988. Eine neue Aristida (Gramineae) aus Arabien. Willdenowia 17: 111-113.

 

Schwartz, O. 1939. Flora des Tropischen Arabien Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 10: 1-393.

 

Schweinfurth, G. 1888. Recent botanical exploration in Arabia. Scott. Geogr. Mag., Vol. 4: 212-213.

 

Schweinfurth, G. 1912. Arabische Pflanzennamen aus Aegypten, Algerien und Jemen. Berlin.

 

Sebsebe, D. 1985.The genus Maytenus (Celastraceae) in NE tropical Africa and tropical Arabia. Symb. Bot. Upasalienses 25(2): 1-101.

 

Sharawy, S.M., Alshammari, A.M., 2008. Checklist of poisonous plants and animals in Aja Mountain, Hail region, Saudi Arabia. Aust. J. Basic Appl. Sci. 3 (3), 2217–2225.

 

Smalla, M. 2000. Studies in the Compositae of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra – 6. The Hypochaeridinae (Lactuceae) in the Arabian Peninsula. – Willdenowia 30: 315-337.

 

Sokoloff, D.D. 2001. New records of Lotus (Leguminosae: papliooideae: Loteae) from Africa and southwest Asia. Kew Bull. 56: 715-720

 

Soliman, M.S.A; El-Tarras. A.S. and El-Awady, M.A. 2010. Seed Exomorphic Characters of some Taxa from Saudi Arabia, Journal of American Science, 6(11): 906-910.

 

Sturdy, R.. 1982. Native and adapted species for amenity planting in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Final report. SANCST research contract AR-O 1-045. Riyadh.

 

Täckholm, V. 1974. Students Flora of Egypt. 4th edition. Beirut.

 

Taia, W.K. 2009. General View of Malvaceae Juss. s.l. and Taxonomic Revision of Genus Abutilon Mill. in Saudi Arabia. J. King Abdulaziz Univ.- Sci. 21(2): 349-363.

 

Taia, W.K. and El-Ghanem, W.M. 2004. Family Boraginaceae in Saudi Arabia. Pak. J. Bio. Sci., 7(10): 1664-1666.

 

Tamisier, M. 1840. Voyage en Arabie, 2 vols. Paris.

 

Tan, K. 1995. Seven new species of Echinops (Asteraceae). Ann. Bot. Fennici 32: 117-126.

 

Thomas, B. 1932. Flora from South Arabia. In: “Arabia Felix”. London,  Pp. 377-378.

 

Thulin, M. 1995: Indigofera rubromarginata sp. nova (Leguminosae) from southern Arabia, with a note on I. eremophila. – Nordic J. Bot. 15: 519-521.

 

Turrill, W. B. 1939: A new genus of Cruciferae from Arabia. J. Bot. 77: 116-125.

 

UNEP. 2010. State of Biodiversity in West Asia. http://www.unep.org/DEC/PDF/Stateofbiodiv-westasia.pdf

 

Vahl, M. 1790-1794: Symbolae botanicae, I (1790), II (1791), III (1794).

 

Varghese, M.; Yadav, S.S. & Thomas, J. 2006. Taxonomic Status of Some of the Tribulus Species in the Indian Subcontinent. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences 13 (1) 7-12.

 

Verdcourt, B. 1982. Corrections and additions to the 'Flora of Tropical East Africa: Convolvulaceae. Kew Bull., 37(3): 459-464.

 

Velenovsky, J. 1911. Plantae arabicae Musilianae. Sitzungsber. Konigl. Bohm. Ges. Wiss. Math.- Nat. cl. 11: 1-17.

 

Verdcourt, B. 1985. A synopsis of the Moringaceae. Kew Bull. 40: 1-23.

 

Vincett, B.A.L. 1977. Wild flowers of central Saudi Arabia. Milan, Tipostile. P.114.

 

Vincett, B.A.L.1984. Golden Days in the Desert: Wild Flowers of Saudi Arabia, IMMEL publication, London

 

Violet, D. 1955. The wild flower of Kuwait and Bahrain. London George Allen and Unwin.

 

Vollesen, K. 1987. The native species of Gossypium in Africa, Arabia and Pakistan. Kew Bull. 42: 337-349.

 

Wagenitz, G. 1984: Studies in the flora of Arabia: 7. Centaurea in the Arabian Peninsula. – Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 457-466.

 

Wagenitz, G. 1986. Centaurea in South-West Asia: patterns of distribution and endemism, Hedge, I.C. (ed). Proc. of the Royal Soc. of Edinburgh. 89B: 11-21

 

Wagenitz, G.; Dittrich, M. & Damboldt, J. 1982. Centaurothamnus eine neue Gattung der Compositae-Cardueae aus Arabien. Candollea 37: 101-115.

 

Warfa, A. M. 1988: Cordia (Boraginaceae) in N.E. tropical Africa and tropical Arabia. – Acta Univ. Upsal. 174.

 

Warfa, A. M. 1990: Taxonomy and distribution of Cordia sinensis and C. nevillii (Boraginaceae), a widespread species pair in Africa and Asia. – Nordic J. Bot. 9: 649-656.

 

Waisel, Y. 1991. The glands of Tamarix aphylla: a system for salt secretion or for carbon concentration? Physiologia Plantarum 83: 506-510.

 

Willis, J.C. 1985. A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants and Ferns (Student edition), Cambridge.

 

Wood, J.R.I. 1982. The identity of Acacia oerfota (Forssk.) Schweinf.. (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae). Kew Bull. 37: 451-454.

 

Wood, J.R.I. 1983. Eight new species and taxonomic notes on the Flora of Yemen, Kew Bull. 39(1): 123-139.

 

Wood, J.R.I. 1983. The Aloes of the Yemen Arab Republic. Kew Bull. 38: 13-31.

 

Wood, J.R.I. 1997. Flora of North Yemen.  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K.

 

Wickens, G.E. 1982. Studies in the flora of Arabia: III. A biographical index of plant collectors in the Arabian Peninsula (including Socotra). Notes on Royal Botanical Garden, Edinburgh 40: 301-330.

 

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Zmarzty, S. 1993. A reconsideration of Gypsophila series Deserticolae barkoudah (Caryophyllaceae) including G. capillaris (Forssk.) C.Chr. Kew Bull., 48(4): 683-697.

 

Zoghet, M.F. & Alsheikh, A.A. 1999. Wild plants in the Region of Riyadh, Academic publishing & Press, King Saud University, Riyadh. 234p.

 

Zohary, M. 1957. A contribution to the flora of Saudi Arabia. J. Linn. Soc. 55: 632-643.

 

 

Palynology                                                                                                                                                    Top

 

Al Harfi, H.; Alfarhan, A.H.; Al-Rasheid, K.; Thomas, J. 2009. Allergenic pollens of Saudi Arabian flora, Center of Excellence in Biodiversity Reseaerch, King Saud University, Riyadh.

 

Abdulrahman Al-Frayh, A.& Hasnain, S.M. 1999. Human sensitization to Prosopis juliflora antigen in Saudi Arabia, Annals of Saudi Medicine, 19(4): 331-336

 

Al-Frayh, A.; Harfi, H.A.; Hasnain, S.M.; Thorogood, R. and Wilson, J.D. 1988. A 12 month aerobiological survey of pollen in Riyadh, Ann. Saudi Medi. 9(5): 443-447.

 

Al-Frayh, A.; Hasnain, S.M.; Jawadi, T. and Al-Nahdi, M. 1989. Prevalence of Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis in Saudi Arabia, European Ann. of Allergy and Clinical Immun. Supp.: 5-16.

 

Al-Frayh, A.; Gad-el-Rab, M.O. and Al-Najjar, A. 1992. A comparative study of immediate skin test reactivity to inhalant allergens in asthmatic children of two regions in Saudi Arabia. Ann. Saudi Medi. 12: 468-471.

 

Al-Ghanium, W.M.I. (1994). Ecological, palynological and biogeographical studies on the genus Acacia  in Saudi Arabia. M.Sc. Thesis.  Dept. of Botany,Girls College of Education (Unpublished).

 

Al-Wadi, H.M. & Lashin, G.MA. 2007. Palynological and cytological characters of three species of genus Solanum (Familiy: Solanaceae) from Saudi Arabia. J. Bio. Sci. 7(4): 626-631.

 

Alwadie, H.M., 2008. Pollen morphology of six aquatic angiosperms from Saudi Arabia. Asian J. Biol. Sci., 1: 45-50

 

Alwadie, H.M. 2008.  Pollen Concentration in the Atmosphere of Abha City, Saudi Arabia and its Relationship with Meteorological Parameters, Journal of Applied Sciences 8(5): 842-847

 

Angeelini, G.; Vena, G.; Raffacle, F.; Caterina, F. and Mauro, G. 1991. Allergic contact dermititis from Capparis spinosa L. applied as wet compresses. Contact Dermitites 24(5): 382-383.

 

Bukhari, N.A. & Al-Shaya, N.A. 2007. Study of pollen Grains of Species of Resedaceae in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,   Saudi J . of Biological Sciences , 14 (12) 97-107.

 

Bukhari, N.A.W. 2009. Pollen morphology of some Plantago species native to Saudi Arabia and their taxonomic implication. Biological Diversity and Conservation 2/3: 1-6

 

Ferguson, I.K. 1985. The Pollen Morphology of Moringaceae,  Kew Bulletin 40 (1): 25-34

 

Hasnain, S.M.; Fatima, K. &  Al-Frayh, A. 2007. Prevalence of airborne allergenic Amaranthus viridis pollen in seven different regions of Saudi Arabia. Ann Saudi Med 2007; 27(4): 259-263.

 

Hasnain, S.M.; Fatima, K.; Al-Frayh, A. & Al-Sedainy, S. 2005. One-year pollen and spore calendars of Saudi Arabia Al-Khobar, Abha and Hofuf. Aerobiologia, 21: 241-247.
 

Mugned, A.S.A. 2002. A study on pollen grains of some plants of southwestern Saudi Arabia. M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Biological Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah (Unpublished)

 

Praveen, A.; Al-Alawi, A.H. and Hussain, S.Z. 1989. A contribution to the palynological survey of the genus Convolvulus from south west Asia and Arabian Peninsula. Pak. Jour. Bot. 21(3): 197-209.

  

 

Phytogeography                                                                                                                                                                              TOP

 

Alfarhan, A.H. 1999. A phytogeographical analysis of the floristic elements in Saudi Arabia. Pak. J. of Bio. Sci., 2(3): 702-711.

 

Al Mutairi, K.; El-Bana, M.; Mansor, M.; Al-Rowaily, S. & Mansor, A 2012. Floristic Diversity, Composition, and Environmental Correlates on the Arid, Coralline Islands of the Farasan Archipelago, Red Sea, Saudi Arabia. Arid Land Research and Management 26(2): 137-150

 

Al-Nafie, A., 2004. Plant Geography of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh (In Arabic).

 

Al-Nafie, A.H. 2004. Botanical Geography of Saudi Arabia. King Fahd National Library, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

Al-Nafie, A.H. 2006. Rawdhat As-Sabalah- Study in biogeography and environmental protection. Saudi Geographical Society, King Saud University, Riyadh.

 

Al-Nafie, A.H. 2008. Phytogeography of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Biological Science, 15 (1): 159-176.

 

Hassan, H.M. 1981. Saudi Arabia: Some of its floristic affinities with neighbouring areas. Part 1: Saudi Arabia and Egypt. Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc. 5: 169-206.

 

Hassan, H.M. 1981. Saudi Arabia: Some of its floristic affinities with neighbouring areas. Part 2: Relatioship with Sudan (including the Sudan-Egypt connections). Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc. 5: 207-237.

 

Hassan, H. M. 1989: Phytogeographical and floristic observations on the plants of Saudi Arabia, with reference to endangered, rare or extinct taxa. Wildlife Conservation and Development in Saudi Arabia. NCWCD Publication no. 3: 169-193.

 

Hassan, H.M. and Al-Hemaid, F.M. 1996. Composition, origin and migration trends of perennial vegetation in the Farasan Island (Red Sea, Saudi Arabia), Saudi Biological Society, 4: 5-15.

 

Kerfoot, O. 1961. Juniperus procera Endl. (The African Pencil Cedar) in Africa and Arabia. I. Taxonomic affinities and geographical distribution. E. Afr. Agric. For. J., 26: 170-177.

 

KÖnig, P. 1986. Zonation of vegetation in the mountainous region of southwestern Saudi Arabia. In Kurschner, H. (ed.) Contribution to the vegetation of Saudi Asia.Beih. Tubinger Atlas Vorderer-Orient Reihe A (Naturwiss.) 24: 137-166 Wiesbaden.

 

KÖnig, P. 1987. Vegetation und flore in sÜdwestlichen Saudi Arabia (Asir, Tihama). Dissert. Bot. Band 101. J. Kramer, Berlin, Stuttgart, pp 257 plus one map.

 

KÖnig, P. 1988. Phytogeography of south-western Saudi Arabia. Die Erde 119: 75-89.

 

Le Houérou, H. N. 2003. Bioclimatology and Phytogeography of the Red Sea and Aden Gulf Basins: A Monograph (with a Particular Reference to the Highland Evergreen Sclerophylls and Lowland Halophytes). Arid Land Research and Management 17: 177-256.

 

Mandaville, J.P. 1984. Studies in the flora of Arabia XI: Some historical and geographical aspects of a principal floristic frontier. Notes from the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh 42: 1-15.

 

Manighetti, I., Tapponnier, P., Courtillot, V., Gruszow, S., Gillot, P. 1997. Propagation of rifting along the Arabia–Somalia plate boundary: the Gulfs of Aden and Tadjoura. Journal of Geophysical Research 102: 2681–710

 

Mcleary, J.A. 1968. Phytogeography. In: Saudi Arabia. Ed. Weiss, W. BLV, Kummerly and Frey, Bern.

 

Newton, L.E. 1980. Phytogeographical Associations of the succulent plant flora of south-west Arabia and the Horn of Africa. Nat. Cact. Succ. J. 35: 83-88.

 

Podlech, D. 1986. Taxonomic and phytogeographical problems in Astragalus of the Old World and South-West Asia, Proc. of the Royal Soc. of Edinburgh. 89B: 37-43.

 

Shawar, A. 1989. Geographical framework of the Red Sea and its group of islands. In: The Islands of the Red Sea. The Scientific Royal Society of Jordan, Arab Research Center and Research Institute of the Arabian Studies, ALESCO, Jeddah: pp. 160–195.

 

Thomas, J.; A.H. Alfarhan, A. H.; Ali, A., A.G. Miller, A.G. & L. Othman, L. 2008. An account on the eastern limits of Afro-Arabian plants in South Asia. Basic and Applied Dry Land Research 2:12-22.

 

Thomas, J.; Alfarhan, A.H.; Samraoui, B.; Sivadasan, M.; Bukhari, N.; Al-Atar, A.A. (2010) Floristic composition of the Farasan Archipelago in SE Red Sea and its affinities to phytogeographical regions. Arab Gulf Journal of Scientific Research 28(2): 79-90.

 

White, F. & Leonard, J. 1991. Phytogeographical links between Africa and southwest Asia. Flora et Vegetatio Mundi. 9. 229-246.

 

Whitney, J.W. Faulkender, D.J. & Rubin, M. 1983. The environment history and present condition of the Northern sand seas of Saudi Arabia. Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Jiddah, Saudi Arabia.

 

Wissmann, H. von 1937. Arabien. pp. 178-211. in Handbuch der Geographischen Wissenschaft, Band Vorder-und Sudasien. F. Klute, ed. Akademie-Verlag, Potsdam.

 

Youssef, A.M.; Al-Fredan, M.A. and Fathi, A.A. 2009. Floristic Composition of Lake Al-Asfar, Alahsa, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Botany, 5: 116-125.

 

Zohary, M. 1971. The phytogeographical foundations of the Middle East. Davis, P.H.; Harper, P.C. & Hedge, I.C. (eds). Plant life of South-West Asia, The Bot. Soc. Edinburgh.

 

Zohary, M. 1973. Geobotanical foundations of the Middle East. Gustav Fischer Verlag. Stuttgart. 2 Vols. P.729.

 

 

Paleontology                                                                                                                                                                                            TOP

 

Al-Laboun, A.A. 1993. Lexicon of the Paleozoic and Lower Mesozoic of Saudi Arabia. Al-Hudud Publishers, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

 

Braithwaite, C.J. 1987. Geology and palaeogeography of the Red Sea region. In: Key environments—Red Sea. A.J. Edwards and S.M. Head (Eds.), Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK. pp. 22-44.

 

Chiffings, T. (2003). Marine Region 11: Arabia Seas. A Global Representative System of Marine Protected Area (Accessed 12/1/04).

 

McClure, H. 1984. Late Quaternary Palaeo-Environments of the Rub'Al-Khali, Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. Coll. London.

 

Merrell A. Miller, M.A. & Al-Ruwaili, M.H. 2007. Preliminary palynological investigation of Saudi Arabian Upper Ordovician glacial sediments, Revue de micropal´eontologie 50: 17–26

 

Molyneux, S.G., Al-Hajri, S., 2000. Palynology of a problematic Lower Palaeozoic lithofacies in Central Saudi Arabia. In: Al-Hajri, S., Owens, B. (Eds.), Stratigraphic Palynology of the Palaeozoic of Saudi Arabia. Special GeoArabia Publication 1, Gulf PetroLink, Bahrain, pp. 18–41.

 

Privé-Gill, C.; Thomas, H. & Lebret, P. 1999. Fossil wood of Sindora (Leguminosae, Caesalpiniaceae) from the Oligo-Miocene of Saudi Arabia: paleobiogeographical considerations  Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 107 (3-4): 191-199

 

Steemans, P.; Wellman, C.H. &  Filatoff, J.2007. Palaeophytogeographical and palaeoecological implications of a miospore assemblage of earliest Devonian (Lochkovian) age from Saudi Arabia Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 250 (1-4) 237-254.

 

Whybrow, P.J. & McClure, H.A. 1981. Fossil mangrove roots and palaeoenvironment of the Miocene of the eastern Arabian Peninsula. Paleogeography, Palaeoclimatology and Palaeoecology 32: 213-225.

 

 

Cytology                                                                                                                                                                                                    TOP

 

Adams, R.P.; Demeke, T. & Abulfatih, H.A. 1993. RAPD DNA fingerprints and terpenoids: clues to past migrations of Juniperus in Arabia adn East Africa. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 87: 22-26.

 

Al-Turki, T. A., Filfilan, S. A.& Mehmood, S. F. 2000. A cytological study of flowering plants from Saudi Arabia. – Willdenowia 30: 339-358.

 

Al-Turki, T. A.; Mehmood, S. F. and. Filfilan, S. A. 1999b. lOPS Chromosome Data 15, lOPS Newsletter 31: 10.

 

Badr, A. & Gasim, A. 1992: Chromosomal studies on some plants in the flora of Madinah region. – J. King Abdul Aziz Univ. 4: 23-35.

       

Eldin Eid, S. 1977. Accessory chromosomes in members of Liliflorae in Saudi Arabia. Proc. Saudi Bio. Soc.: 68-73

 

Meister J., Kilian N. & Oberprieler C. 2008 ["2007"]: Genetic structure of Euclea schimperi (Ebenaceae) populations in monsoonal fog oases of the southern Arabian Peninsula. – Nordic J. Bot. 25: 217-226.

 

Physiology                                                                                                                                                         TOP

 

Abdel-Aziz, M. H. and Abohassan, A.A. (1982).  Effect of drip irrigation on root development of newly planted trees.  J. Coll. Agric. King Saud     Univ. 4: 91-104.

 

Abdel-Hafez, T. and Abohassan, A. A. (1979). Some environmental factors affecting crop production in some Arab countries. Proc. 2nd     Arab Conf. for Food Science and Technology, Riyadh Univ., pp. 19-24.

 

Al-Qurainy, F. 2009. Effects of sodium azide on growth and yield traits of Eruca sativa (L.). World Applied Science Journal, 7 (2), 220-22.

 

Al Qurainy, F.; Nadeem, M; Khan, S.; Alansi, S Tarroum, M. 2013 Efficient regeneration of a potential medicinal plant Ochradenus baccatus Del. From cotyledon and shoot axis. Pak. J. Botany, 45 (2): 501-505.  

 

Al-Jebrin A, Sawaya WN, Salji JP, Ayaz M, Khalil J 1985. Chemical composition and Nutritional quality of some Saudi Arabian dishes based on cereals and legumes (1. Proximate composition, amino acid contents and nutritive value) Ecol. Food Nutr.. 17: 154-164.

 

Bach, M. A., Abohassan, A. A., Saad, F. A. and El-Hammady, A. M.     (1982). Evaluation of twenty European grape cultivars (Vitis vinifera,L)   grown in Riyadh area. J. Coll. Agric. King Saud Univ. 4: 43-51.  

 

Basha, M. A. and Abohassan, A. A. (1980). Effect of FEEDDHA on yield     and quality and mineral composition of the leaves of Teafi and Des     El-Anz grape cultivars. J. Agric. Tanta Univ. 6(1).

 

Basha, M. A. and Abohassan, A. A. (1982). Effect of soil fertilization on     yield, fruit quality and mineral content of Khudari date palm variety.     Proc. 1st Symposium on the Date Palm, Coll. Agric. Sci. and Food, King     Faisal Univ., Al-Hassa. pp. 174-180.

 

Habib, M. M. and Abohassan A. A. (1984). Effect of water deficit on yield and yield components of Atriplex spp . J. Coll. Agric. King Saud     University.

 

Mashhady, A. S., Fahmy, M. I. and Abohassan, A. A. (1982). Hydraulic characteristics of certain conditioners and their effect on plant     growth. J. Coll. Agric. King Saud Univ. 4: 129-138.  

 

Hussain MA, Basahy AY 1998. Nutrient composition and amino acid pattern of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp, Fabaceae) grown in the Gizan area of Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr., 49: 117-124.

 

Khan, S.; Al-Qurainy, F. 2009. Mutagenic Effect of Sodium Azide on Seed Germination of Eruca sativa (L.) Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences,  3(4): 3081-3087.

 

 

Biotechnology                                                                                                                                                   TOP   

 

Al-Qurainy, F.; Khan, S.; Al-Hemaid, F.M.; Ajmal Ali, M. Tarroum, M. and  Ashraf, M. 2011. Assessing Molecular Signature for Some Potential Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Cultivars from Saudi Arabia, Based on Chloroplast DNA Sequences rpoB and psbA-trnH. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 6871-6880.

 

Al-Qurainy, F. 2002. Comparative study between four date palm cultivars produced by tissue culture and offshoots origin by RAPD technology. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 13(1).

 

Hameed, M; Ashraf, M.; Naz, N.; Al-Qurainy, F. 2011. Anatomical adaptations of Cynodon dactylon L pers., from the salt range Pakistan, to salinity stress. I. root and stem anatomy Pak. J. Bot., 42(1): 279-289, 2010.

 

Molecular Biology                                                                                                                                             TOP

 

Aaklabi, A.; Arif, I.A.; Bafeel, S.O.; Alfarhan, A.H.; Ahamed, A.; Thomas, J.  and Bakir, M. A. 2014.  Nucleotide based validation of the endangered plant Diospyros mespiliformis (Ebenaceae) by evaluating short sequence region of plastid rbcL gene.  Plant Omics Journal 7(2):102-107.

 

Arif, I.A.; Bakir, M.A.; Khan, H.A.; Alfarhan, A.H.; Al Homaidan, A.A.; Bahkali, A.H.; Al Sadoon, M.  and Shobrak, M. 2010. A brief review of molecular techniques to assess plant diversity. Int. J. Mol. Sci.11: 2079-2096.

 

Al-Qurainy, F.; Alameri, AA ; Khan, S. 2010. RAPD profile for the assessment of genotoxicity on a medicinal plant; Eruca sativa. J. of Medicinal plants research. 4(7): 579-586.

 

Alaklabi, A.; Arif, I.; Bafeel, S.; Khan, H. Alfarhan, A.; Ahamed, A. Thomas, J. and Bakir. M. 2012. Characterization of regionally endangered tree species Mimusops laurifolia (Forssk.) Friis by rbcL gene sequence and RAPD profile, International Journal of Molecular Sciences Vol.4 (3): 29-37.

 

Bafeel, S.O.; Alaklabi, A.; Arif, I.A.; Khan, H.A.; Alfarhan, A.H.; Ahamad, A.; Thomas, J.; Bakir, M.A. 2012. Ribulose-1, 5-biphosphate carboxylase (rbcL) gene sequence and random amplification of polymorphic DNA  (RAPD) profile of regionally endangered tree species Copteosperma graveolens ssp. arabicum (S.Moore) Degreef. Plant Omics Journal 5(3): 285-290.

 

Khan, S.; Mirza, K.J.; Abdin, M.Z. 2011. DNA fingerprinting for the authentication of Ruta graveolens. African J. of Biotechnology 10(44): 8709-8715.

 

Khan, S; Al-Qurainy, F; Nadeem, M; Tarroum, M. 2012. Development of genetic markers for Ochradenus arabicus (Resedaceae), an endemic medicinal plant of Saudi Arabia . Genetics and Molecular Research. 11(2): 1300-1308.

 

Khan, S.; Al-Qurainy, F .; Nadeem, M.; Tarroum, M. 2013. Selection of chloroplast DNA markers for the development of DNA barcode and reconstruction of Senecio asirensis Boulos and J.R.I. Wood. Pak. J. Bot., 45(2): 703-710    

 

Al-Qurainy, F; Khan, S; Al-Hemaid, F.M.; Ali, MA; Tarroum, M.; Ashraf, M. 2011. Assessing Molecular Signature for Some Potential Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Cultivars from Saudi Arabia, Based on Chloroplast DNA Sequences rpoB and psbA-trnH. International J. of Molecular  Sciences 12(10): 6871-6880.

 

Khan, S.; Mirza, K.J.; Al-Qurainy, F; Abdin, M.Z.  2011. Authentication of the medicinal plant Senna angustifolia by RAPD profiling. Saudi J. of Biological Sciences. 18(3): 287-292.

 Last updated on 28/9/2013

Compiled, designed and maintained by Dr. Jacob Thomas, Dept. of Botany & Microbiology, King Saud University, Riyadh